Any inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose is called rhinitis. If this inflammation is caused by allergic factors, it is called allergic rhinitis.
Generally, severe nasal congestion is a condition with occasional sneezing attacks (at least 3-4 times), tearing in the eyes and itching of the nose. In its treatment, allergen protection, drug use and, if necessary, reduction of the turbinate (nasal meatus) surgery is performed.
What Can I Do to Avoid Allergies?
Reduce the number of carpets and rugs in the house, and have someone other than the person who is allergic to vacuum frequently. A vacuum cleaner with an allergen filter is the best.
■ Do not lay rugs on concrete floors; mites cover.
■ Use a synthetic polyester pillow instead of a Feather pillow.
■ Cover mattresses with plastic wrap.
■ Run air conditioners and dehumidifiers frequently; Dust mites breed in hot humid weather.
■ Another common cause of allergies is animal dander. Perform the following steps:
■ Get a pet that sheds little dandruff.
■ Keep pets outside of the home as much as possible.
■ Wash your hands after each handling of the animal.
■ Find someone (non-allergy-sensitive) to bathe your dog once a week. However, ask if bathing each week will harm your dog’s skin.
■ Find someone (non-allergic) who will wash your cat every week with a special preparation that will remove the saliva from its fur.
■ Molds are a common allergen in the home. Like dust mites, they breed in hot humid weather. To reduce your exposure to indoor mold:
■ When the weather is hot and humid, use a dehumidifier and air conditioner.
■ Stay away from moldy parts of your home; with products made of old paper, old books, old newspapers or magazines; from moisturizers; from houseplants; and stay away from aquariums.
■ Find someone (non-allergy-sensitive) who will clean and dust specifically (the items listed above).
■ Pollen and molds are common external allergens, especially between early spring and mid-autumn. For less exposure to external allergens:
■ Minimize work such as mowing or raking leaves.
■ Try not to be outside on days when the amount of mold and pollen is high.
■ Close windows (and run air conditioning in hot weather) on days with high mold and pollen counts.
Terfenadine and astemizole may cause heart rhythm abnormalities in people with severe liver disease or in people taking certain antibiotics or taking antifungal medication. Other, potentially dangerous side effects are asthma-like symptoms such as constriction of the lungs and wheezing.
Your doctor may also prescribe nonprescription nasal sprays. Decongestant nasal sprays may provide relief for a few days, but use for more than 4-5 days may produce a reaction (increase in symptoms). Other nasal drops contain cromolyn sodium, which inhibits the release of an irritant from mast cells called histamine; These drops also contain ipratropium, a substance that blocks a natural substance called acetylcholine, which is important in the production of mucous membranes. As a result, your doctor may prescribe nasal sprays containing low-dose corticosteroids.
This spray can stop an allergy attack, but it takes more than a week to reach maximum effectiveness. If antihistamines, nasal sprays, and environmental controls don’t work, or the drugs cause bad side effects; You may request immunotherapy, for immunotherapy to work, your doctor has to find the allergen that is causing the symptoms. First, small amounts of allergens are injected under your skin. An increasing dose of allergen is injected at approximately weekly intervals; treatment may take years.
The most responsive allergens to immunotherapy are ragweed, grass, house mites and cat dander. Symptoms usually subside within 6 months; Doctors may recommend that the treatment last 4-5 years. However, immunotherapy may not always help.
Chronic sinusitis is a condition characterized by sagging and growths of flesh in the noses and sinuses due to some inflammatory conditions such as allergies and chronic rhinitis. Polyps in some patients with a genetic predisposition; It can completely fill the inside of the nose and make the patient unable to breathe through the nose. Treatment is usually surgery. Endoscopic sinus surgery is applied to these patients.