What is Septum Deviation?
Septum deviation is deviation of the seperator cartilage and bone between right and left nasal cavities. This deviation causes nasal passages to obstruct. It can easily be corrected by surgery.
What is Turbinate Hypertrophy?
There are finger-like organs in both nasal passages that enlarge and shrink, regulating the amount, temperature and humidity of the air entering the nose. Nasal congestion causes these organs constantly stay large leading to nasal obstruction. It is especially common in cases of nasal allergy etc. The treatment options are radiofrequency ablation, reduction with shaver etc, without damaging the outer lining of the turbinate.
Balloon Synoplasty: (Sinusitis)
UIt is a method that can be applied in a very small portion of sinusitis cases that do not improve with long-term drug therapy. By means of a catheter, the sinus canal is entered, the balloon is inflated and the canal is widened, allowing the inflammation inside to flow out. However, this method is a method that can be beneficial in 1% of non-healing sinusitis cases. Endoscopic sinus surgery is mostly performed in cases of chronic sinusitis.
Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
In cases of sinusitis and polyps that do not improve with long-term drug therapy, the sinuses are reached by entering through the nostril with a camera system. The sinuses are cleaned and their mouths are widened. This procedure is called endoscopic sinus surgery. Different techniques are applied according to each sinus that needs to be accessed. Patients can usually be discharged from the hospital the same day or the next day.
Any inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose is called rhinitis. If this inflammation is caused by allergic factors, it is called allergic rhinitis.
Generally, severe nasal congestion is a condition with occasional sneezing attacks (at least 3-4 times), tearing in the eyes and itching of the nose. In its treatment, allergen protection, drug use and, if necessary, reduction of the turbinate (nasal meatus) surgery is performed.
What Can I Do to Avoid Nasal Allergies?
■ Reduce the number of carpets and rugs in the house. A vacuum cleaner with an allergen filter is the best.
■ Do not lay rugs on concrete floors; mites cover.
■ Use a synthetic polyester pillow instead of a Feather pillow.
■ Cover mattresses with plastic wrap.
■ Run air conditioners and dehumidifiers frequently; Dust mites breed in hot humid weather.
■ Another common cause of allergies is animal dander. Perform the following steps:
■ Get a pet that sheds little dandruff.
■ Keep pets outside of the home as much as possible.
■ Wash your hands after each handling of the animal.
■ Find someone (non-allergy-sensitive) to bathe your dog once a week. However, ask if bathing each week will harm your dog’s skin.
■ Find someone (non-allergic) who will wash your cat every week with a special preparation that will remove the saliva from its fur.
■ Molds are a common allergen in the home. Like dust mites, they breed in hot humid weather. To reduce your exposure to indoor mold:
■ When the weather is hot and humid, use a dehumidifier and air conditioner.
■ Stay away from moldy parts of your home; with products made of old paper, old books, old newspapers or magazines; from moisturizers; from houseplants; and stay away from aquariums.
■ Find someone (non-allergy-sensitive) who will clean and dust specifically (the items listed above).
■ Pollen and molds are common external allergens, especially between early spring and mid-autumn. For less exposure to external allergens:
■ Minimize work such as mowing or raking leaves.
■ Try not to be outside on days when the amount of mold and pollen is high.
■ Close windows (and run air conditioning in hot weather) on days with high mold and pollen counts.
Terfanidine and astemizole may cause heart rhythm abnormalities in people with severe liver disease, or in people taking certain antibiotics or taking antifungal medication. Other, potentially dangerous side effects are asthma-like symptoms such as constriction of the lungs and wheezing.
Your doctor may also prescribe nonprescription nasal sprays. Decongestant nasal sprays may provide relief for a few days, but use for more than 4-5 days may produce a reaction (increase in symptoms). Other nasal drops contain cromolyn sodium, which inhibits the release of an irritant from mast cells called histamine; These drops also contain ipratropium, a substance that blocks a natural substance called acetylcholine, which is important in the production of mucous membranes. As a result, your doctor may prescribe nasal sprays containing low-dose corticosteroids.
This spray can stop an allergy attack, but it takes more than a week to reach maximum effectiveness. If antihistamines, nasal sprays, and environmental controls don’t work, or the drugs cause bad side effects; You may request immunotherapy, for immunotherapy to work, your doctor has to find the allergen that is causing the symptoms. First, small amounts of allergens are injected under your skin. An increasing dose of allergen is injected at approximately weekly intervals; treatment may take years.
The most responsive allergens to immunotherapy are ragweed, grass, house mites and cat dander. Symptoms usually subside within 6 months; Doctors may recommend that the treatment last 4-5 years. However, immunotherapy may not always help.
Snoring surgery is rarely performed because it is mostly seen together with sleep apnea. The degree of sleep apnea is the main factor in the choice of treatment. If sleep apnea is moderate or severe, surgery is usually not performed, and the patient (cpap) is usually treated with a compressed air mask that he or she will wear while sleeping. If there is a condition called mild sleep apnea or simple snoring, snoring can be reduced by different surgical interventions on the palate. In patients with moderate or severe sleep apnea who cannot adapt to the mask, surgery is usually performed on the root of the tongue, tonsils and soft palate. First of all, the area of obstruction is determined by sleep endoscopy (soft palate or tongue root), then targeted surgery is performed. These surgeries, which are applied in moderate and severe sleep apnea, often provide partial recovery in patients and are not a complete solution.