What is Septum Deviation?
Septum deviation is deviation of the seperator cartilage and bone between right and left nasal cavities. This deviation causes nasal passages to obstruct. It can easily be corrected by surgery.
What is Turbinate Hypertrophy?
There are finger-like organs in both nasal passages that enlarge and shrink, regulating the amount, temperature and humidity of the air entering the nose. Nasal congestion causes these organs constantly stay large leading to nasal obstruction. It is especially common in cases of nasal allergy etc. The treatment options are radiofrequency ablation, reduction with shaver etc, without damaging the outer lining of the turbinate.
sinusitis is an inflammation of mucosal lining the nose and sinuses caused by various viruses and bacteria. Since the mucosa swells during this inflammation, the sinus openings can be blocked. And the inside of the sinuses can be filled with a slimy fluid as a result of inflammation. This causes severe pain on face, fever and nasal congestion. Antibiotics and anti-edema drugs are used in its treatment. If it lasts longer than 3 months, it is called chronic sinusitis.
Nasal polyposis is a condition characterized by sagging and growths of edematous mucosa in nasal cavity and sinuses due to inflammatory conditions such as allergies and chronic rhinitis. Polyps in some patients may occur due to some genetic diseases and syndromes; It can completely fill the inside of the nose and make the patient unable to breathe through the nose. Treatment is usually surgery. Endoscopic sinus surgery is applied to these patients.
Any inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose is called rhinitis. If this inflammation is caused by allergic factors, it is called allergic rhinitis.
Allergic rhinitis generally, shows up with severe nasal congestion, sneezing attacks (at least 3-4 times), tearing and itchy the eyes. In its treatment, allergen protection, drug use and, if necessary surgical reduction of the turbinates for congestion are recommended.
What Can I Do to Avoid Allergies?
■ Reduce the number of carpets and rugs in the house. A vacuum cleaner with an allergen filter is the best.
■ Do not lay rugs on concrete floors; mites cover.
■ Use a synthetic polyester pillow instead of a Feather pillow.
■ Cover mattresses with plastic wrap.
■ Run air conditioners and dehumidifiers frequently; Dust mites breed in hot humid weather.
■ Another common cause of allergies is animal dander. Perform the following steps:
■ Get a pet that sheds little dandruff.
■ Keep pets outside of the home as much as possible.
■ Wash your hands after each handling of the animal.
■ Find someone (non-allergy-sensitive) to bathe your dog once a week. However, ask if bathing each week will harm your dog’s skin.
■ Find someone (non-allergic) who will wash your cat every week with a special preparation that will remove the saliva from its fur.
■ Molds are a common allergen in the home. Like dust mites, they breed in hot humid weather. To reduce your exposure to indoor mold:
■ When the weather is hot and humid, use a dehumidifier and air conditioner.
■ Stay away from moldy parts of your home; with products made of old paper, old books, old newspapers or magazines; from moisturizers; from houseplants; and stay away from aquariums.
■ Find someone (non-allergy-sensitive) who will clean and dust specifically (the items listed above).
■ Pollen and molds are common external allergens, especially between early spring and mid-autumn. For less exposure to external allergens:
■ Minimize work such as mowing or raking leaves.
■ Try not to be outside on days when the amount of mold and pollen is high.
■ Close windows (and run air conditioning in hot weather) on days with high mold and pollen counts.
Terfenadine and astemizole may cause heart rhythm abnormalities in people with severe liver disease or in people taking certain antibiotics or taking antifungal medication. Other, potentially dangerous side effects are asthma-like symptoms such as constriction of the lungs and wheezing.
Your doctor may also prescribe nonprescription nasal sprays. Decongestant nasal sprays may provide relief for a few days, but use for more than 4-5 days may produce a reaction (increase in symptoms). Other nasal drops contain cromolyn sodium, which inhibits the release of an irritant from mast cells called histamine; These drops also contain ipratropium, a substance that blocks a natural substance called acetylcholine, which is important in the production of mucous membranes. As a result, your doctor may prescribe nasal sprays containing low-dose corticosteroids.
This spray can stop an allergy attack, but it takes more than a week to reach maximum effectiveness. If antihistamines, nasal sprays, and environmental controls don’t work, or the drugs cause bad side effects; You may request immunotherapy, for immunotherapy to work, your doctor has to find the allergen that is causing the symptoms. First, small amounts of allergens are injected under your skin. An increasing dose of allergen is injected at approximately weekly intervals; treatment may take years.
The most responsive allergens to immunotherapy are ragweed, grass, house mites and cat dander. Symptoms usually subside within 6 months; Doctors may recommend that the treatment last 4-5 years. However, immunotherapy may not always help.